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Last updated:
30 July, 2012

AUDMP Program Description and Accomplishments

Program Accomplishments  

Nepal

Overview: Nepal has a long history of destructive earthquakes. With a burgeoning population of almost a million people, uncontrolled development, and building construction techniques that have changed little in the past century, Kathmandu Valley becomes increasingly vulnerable to catastrophic earthquakes with each passing year. The objective of the project is to reduce the earthquake vulnerability of Kathmandu Valley. The project has four main components: 1) Scenario and Action Plan; 2) School Earthquake Safety; 3) Public Awareness; and 4) Institution Building and Training. The Scenario and Action Plan component involves putting information on earthquake risk and consequences in a form that is understandable to public officials and citizens, information gathering from operators of critical facilities, presentation of a likely earthquake scenario to public and private decision-makers, and generation of an action plan. The School Earthquake Safety component establishes an Advisory Sub-Committee on school safety, design earthquake preparedness curriculum, conduct a participatory evaluation of the vulnerability of schools, and produce proposals for retrofitting the buildings most at-risk. The Public Awareness component combines public outreach in the form of various information pieces and public talks. The highlight of the project so far has been the establishment and commemoration of the annual Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Safety Day on the anniversary of the devastating earthquake in 1934. The Institution Building and Training component has helped to build the capacity of NSET-Nepal to become a self-sustaining multi-disciplinary professional society capable of handling various aspects of earthquake risk management process within Nepal.

Status: The project replication phase ended in November 2001 and project partner has entered the MOU with ADPC for continued professional association beyond the grant period of AUDMP. Therefore, the AUDMP/ADPC assistance to NSET continues to carry out activities undertaken by KVERMP during the reporting period.

Under the Earthquake Scenario and Action Plan component, the Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Scenario and Earthquake Risk Management Action Plan have been developed, published and distributed in both Nepali and English. Replication of the whole process of KVERMP requires the continuation beyond the AUDMP in order to achieve the larger goals aimed at Kathmandu Valley Earthquake Risk Reduction. The project partner received the financial assistance from OFDA for continuation of KVERMP activities through a new project called Action Plan Implementation Project (APIP) since year 2001. The cooperation between NSET and AUDMP/ADPC will continue further in the light of implementation of APIP.

The School Earthquake Safety component, which started as a component of AUDMP, is continuing and 12 schools have been retrofitted to date. The project has established School Earthquake Safety Advisory Committees, drawn from the education system in the Valley, the Ministry of Education, NGOs and INGOs, municipalities and NSET-Nepal to facilitate the continuation of the activities into other areas within Kathmandu valley. The system for school retrofitting has been established, field-tested under AUDMP and it will be further developed as a component under APIP. Vulnerability assessments of school buildings have been conducted and the survey and conceptual retrofit design of 10 different building typologies have been completed under AUDMP. Survey results will be published under APIP. The masons trained in the school retrofit program serve as trainers for the other masons within the valley. The methodology is considered as a very successful way to promote appropriate construction techniques for non-engineered construction. It has become a common feature to introduce earthquake resistant elements in almost all the new constructions of dwelling houses undertaken by the trained masons.

Royal Nepal Government (RNG) has recognized National Program on Earthquake Safety Day (ESD), as an annual event and will continue to organize ESD in association with NSET in January every year. Earthquake awareness procession through the city, earthquake safety day’s national meeting and exhibition are some of the highlights of the Earthquake Safety day national program. Many government and private institutions participated in the exhibition. This year, AUDMP sponsored staffs of BUDMP and India to participate in this occasion. Demonstration of the effectiveness of retrofitted construction has become a popular feature of the exhibition organized under ESD program. In such demonstrations 1:10 scale models of the school buildings were tested on a shaking table in order to create awareness on the impact of earthquakes to building safety. Workshop on the experiences of natural disaster/earthquake risk management, which was organized to coincide with the national event, provided a forum for professionals to discuss various aspects of risk management. Similar workshops on earthquake vulnerability reduction are expected to organize in Bangladesh and India soon.

The project has realized the importance of effective awareness creation on all aspects of risk reduction measures with analyses from social, economic and technical viewpoints. The project’s staffs conducted seminars, workshops and participated in various meetings to raise earthquake hazards awareness and to introduce ways for vulnerability reduction. In order to increase public awareness, NSET-Nepal has produced numerous information products aimed at increasing awareness on seismic risk and preparedness. These products include posters, fliers with construction tips, newspaper articles and television and radio programs. The calendar annually published by NSET with the financial assistance of municipalities and private sectors is one of the effective awareness-creating materials produced under the project.

The very successful community-based initiative in the ward 34 of the Kathmandu municipality is being carried on further. It not only helps create a greater awareness, it also facilitates active participation of communities in implementation of preparedness activities such as hazard mapping and preparation of database on the community capacities etc.

In the replication phase the project partner has carried out environmental mapping and risk assessment in the Dharan municipality area funded by RUDO/USAID. During the replication phase NSET has established partnerships with professional societies within the Dharan and Pokhra valleys and created greater understanding for continuation of implementation of programs similar to KVERMP in the future. The Institution of Engineers (IOE) in association with NSET has conducted the first national level training program on Urban Disaster Mitigation and IOE expects to take up this course as a module in the regular post graduate diploma course program.

Since January 2003 the Project has entered into its Consolidation phase. NSET is in the process of disseminating the success of KVERMP in to 3 other municipalities namely, Pokhara (around 200 Km away from Kathmandu), Vyas (around 150 Km away from Kathmandu) and Banepa (around 40 Km away from Kathmandu). The consolidation Phase has been scheduled to complete by the end of July 2003.

Philippines

Overview: Many natural hazard, including cyclones, floods, and earthquakes, seriously threaten urban areas of the Philippines. The objective of the Philippines project is to reduce vulnerability to natural hazards in two cities, beginning with flood mitigation in Naga City and followed by multiple hazard mitigation in San Carlos. In addition to hazard mapping and mitigation planning, the project emphasizes land use planning, the formation of disaster management standards, and the training of urban professionals. A Cascade City component promotes the replication of lessons learned to other Philippine municipalities. The lead project institutions are the League of Cities of the Philippines (LCP) and the Philippine Business for Social Progress (PBSP).

Status: Philippine Cities Disaster Mitigation Project (PCDMP) in Naga City and San Carlos city was completed in August 1999. Since then both cities have established disaster management units in the city administration. These units are functioning very effectively. Naga city has successfully implemented some of the priority actions listed in the disaster management plan developed under the project. This included landuse planning initiatives and structural solutions to reduce the impact of floods. The city administration of Naga city has identified the necessity to strengthen the household and community level preparedness to enhance the effectiveness of some of the initiatives undertaken by the city administration. AUDMP is in the process of designing a new project phase taking into consideration of the issues recommended by the city administration. The project identifies the need for initiatives to share the experience of two cities and disseminate the best practices and lessons learned from the project to a wider audience, mainly to other cities facing similar problems. It will be included as one of the components of the next phase of the project.

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Urban Disaster Risk Management Team
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Tel: (66-2) 516-5900-10; Fax: (66-2) 524-5360; Email: audmp@adpc.net